MORE REFERENCES!
http://Gordon_Watts.Tripod.com/MoreReferences.html
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Even More References! !!! !

Even MORE references to show your milk-drinking friends to scare the living daylights out of them - and save their life!

First, a section on Diabetes, taken from the web site, cited below and with paragraph spacing added for clarity:

Robert Cohen shares concerns that milk proteins may provoke an immune response that attacks the beta cells of the pancreas:

In July of 1992, the New England Journal of Medicine reported: "Studies have suggested that bovine serum albumin is the milk protein responsible for the onset of diabetes."

---and---

Cow's Milk May Increase Child's Risk of Type 1 Diabetes
By Suzanne Rostler

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Consuming large quantities of cow's milk during childhood may increase the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in children who are already genetically susceptible to the disorder, results of a study suggest. The team of Finnish researchers found that children who had a sibling with diabetes were more than five times as likely to develop the autoimmune disorder if they drank more than half a liter (about three glasses) of cow's milk a day, compared with children who drank less milk. Results show that children who developed diabetes were more likely to have consumed at least three glasses of milk daily before entering the study.

SOURCE: Diabetes
2000;49:912-917.

and

NEW YORK TIMES FRONT-PAGE HEADLINE - Thursday, 8/24/2000:
"DIABETES RISES; DOCTORS FORESEE A HARSH IMPACT"

Milk proteins cause (for some) an auto-immune response in which insulin-producing pancreatic cells are destroyed. These cells (beta cells) manufacture insulin.

It is interesting to note that Finland has the highest rate of diabetes in the world and the highest rate of milk and cheese consumption (LANCET, 1992; 339, 905-909. Greene, et al.).

One study (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1990, 51(3), 489, Scott, F.W.) demonstrated a doubling of diabetes rates after native born Polynesians moved to Australia and changed their diets from fish proteins to cow proteins.

The journal then identified a team of Canadian researchers who found evidence that early exposure to a protein in cow's milk may sometimes lead to juvenile diabetes. Eighty-five percent of the people identified in this study came from families with no previous history of diabetes. Scientific American further cited a study, which appeared in July of 1992 in the New England Journal of Medicine (July 30, 1992, page 302, Karjalainen, et. al). The authors of this study wrote in their abstract: "Studies in animals have suggested that bovine serum albumin is the milk protein responsible for the onset of diabetes." Their conclusion: "Patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus produce antibodies to cow milk proteins that participate in the development of islet dysfunction... Taken as a whole, our findings suggest that an active response in patients with IDDM (to the bovine protein) is a feature of the autoimmune response. THE PREVENTION OF EXPOSURE TO COW'S MILK EARLY IN LIFE PREVENTS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THIS DISEASE." (emphasis added).

In June of 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition recommended that cow's milk was not suitable as an alternative to breast milk for the first year of life. (Pediatrics, 1992; 89; 1105- 1109). A letter in a subsequent issue of that journal written by pediatricians Lane Robson, MD and Alexander Leung, MD of the Alberta Children's Hospital asked: "In lieu of the recent evidence that cow's milk protein may be implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus, we believe that the Committee on Nutrition should clarify whether cow's milk is ever appropriate for children and whether or not infant formulas that are based on cow's milk protein are appropriate alternatives to breast milk." In October of 1996 (LANCET, 348; 926-928) Cavallo, et al discovered that antibodies to BETA-CASEIN are present in over a third of IDDM patients and relatively non-existent in healthy individuals. Their work supports the sentiment that bovine proteins play a key role in the pathogenesis of IDDM. In December of 1996 (LANCET, vol. 348, Dec 14, 1996)

Simon Murch, MD, of the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology of the Royal Free Hospital in London wrote: "Cow's milk proteins are unique in one respect: in industrialized countries they are the first foreign proteins entering the infant gut, since most formulations for babies are cow milk-based. The first pilot stage of our IDD prevention study found that oral exposure to dairy milk proteins in infancy resulted in both cellular and immune response...this suggests the possible importance of the gut immune system to the pathogenesis of IDD." In that same issue, researchers from New Zealand (R. B. Elliot, MD, et. al, Department of Pediatrics, University of Aukland) paralleled earlier studies and investigated diabetics in three locations: Auckland, New Zealand, Giessen, Germany and Sardinia, Italy.

They reported finding a higher level of antibodies to bovine proteins, particularly CASEIN in diabetics than in healthy individuals. I recently wrote a guest editorial for the San Francisco Chronicle. In that editorial, I included this information: In 1970, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the dairy industry produced 2.2 billion pounds of cheese.. The population of the United States was 203 million, which translates to an average of 10.8 pounds of cheese per person.

I cite as my reference, a section of the Mighty Dixies Crystals' page:

http://garnet.acns.fsu.edu/~jgl8870/gordon_watts_views_on_diabetes.htm


Date: Mon, 16 Apr 2001 12:27:57 -0000
A Message from Robert Cohen, the Famous "Not Milk" Man:

This is the first of seventeen columns containing NOTMILK references that I put together before leaving for my European tour. You will be able to access this series plus 500 additional archived columns at: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/notmilk

Please share these references with your milk drinking friends and relatives. Let them discover the real science! Editor Gordon Watts responds: OK: Here ya go - on my web site here!

"Dairy products may play a major role in the development of ALLERGIES, asthma, sleep difficulties, and migraine headaches."

Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 1983;19(9):806-809
Pediatrics 1989;84(4):595-603

"Milk and milk products gave the highest correlation coefficient to heart disease, while sugar, animal proteins and animal fats came in second, third, and fourth, respectively."

A Survey of Mortality Rates and Food Consumption Statistics of 24 Countries, Medical Hypothesis 7:907-918, 1981

"Allergic asthma and rhinitis, atopic dermatitis (AD) urticaria and gastrointestinal allergy, are common diseases of infants and children. Cow's milk appears to be the most common offending food both in gastrointestinal and in cutaneous manifestations of atopic disease. It was recently estimated that 14% of children suffer from AD and about 25% from adverse reactions to cow's milk.".

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, 1998 May

"Allergies and food intolerance together comprise the manifestations of 'adverse food reaction'. The best known and most common are: allergy to cow's milk proteins, intolerance to lactose, and gluten intolerance. Treatment of these conditions is based on management of the diet by exclusion (or reduction) of the responsible food or antigen."

Rev Prat, 1998 Feb, 48:4 (French journal)

"Hypersensitivity to milk is implicated as a cause of sudden death in infancy."

The Lancet, vol. 2, 7160, November 19, 1960

Robert Cohen
http://www.notmilk.com

Date: Tue, 17 Apr 2001 12:36:01 -0000
This is the second of seventeen columns containing NOTMILK references that I put together before leaving for my European tour.

"In reality, cow's milk, especially processed cow's milk, has been linked to a variety of health problems, including: mucous production, hemoglobin loss, childhood diabetes, heart disease, atherosclerosis, arthritis, kidney stones, mood swings, depression, irritability, and allergies."

Townsend Medical Letter, May, 1995, Julie Klotter, MD

"More patients who had suffered a myocardial infarction had elevated levels of antibodies against milk proteins than was found in a comparable group of patients without coronary heart disease."

Davies, Antibodies and Myocardial Infarction,
The Lancet, ii: 205-207, 1980

"Salmonella are widespread in the environment and hence can enter the dairy factory from various sources. Butter readily supports growth of salmonella at room temperature, but refrigeration or freezing for brief periods does not eliminate it. Salmonella can remain viable in butter for up to 9 months."

Journal of Dairy Science 1992;75(9):2339

"A 24-year-old vegetarian has been diagnosed with Cruetzfeld-Jacob disease. Scientists fear that milk and cheese may be the source of infection."

London Times, August 23, 1997 Michael Hornsby

"Those who consumed cows milk were fourteen times more likely to die from diarrhea-related complications and four times more likely to die of pneumonia than were breast-fed babies. Intolerance and allergy to cow's milk products is a factor in sudden infant death syndrome."

The Lancet, vol. 344, November 5, 1994

Date: Wed, 18 Apr 2001 11:27:31 -0000

This is the third of seventeen columns containing NOTMILK references that I put together before leaving for my European tour.

"At least 50% of all children in the United States are allergic to cow's milk, many undiagnosed. Dairy products are the leading cause of food allergy, often revealed by diarrhea, constipation, and fatigue. Many cases of asthma and sinus infections are reported to be relieved and even eliminated by cutting out dairy."

Natural Health, July, 1994, Nathaniel Mead, MD

"Milk consumption correlates positively with cholesterol levels in blood as well as coronary mortality. In comparisons between 17 countries, there is a good correlation between national cholesterol levels and mortality from ischaemic heart disease."

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 48:305-325, 1994

"A drop of sour milk may contain more than 50 million bacteria...certain bacteria, especially organisms belonging to the genera bacillus and clostridium, have the ability to transform themselves into small bodies called spores. The word spore comes from the Greek word for seed. The spore can often withstand drying, the temperature of boiling water (pasteurization), and the action of some germicides. When suitable conditions return, the spore resumes its vegetative form and the bacterium again returns to the usual activities of its normal life cycle."

Modern Dairy Products, Third Edition Lincoln Lampert

"Allergy to cow's milk proteins has been defined as any adverse reaction mediated by immunological mechanisms to one or several of these proteins. Reactions to cow's milk have been classified according on their onset as immediate (< 45 min) or delayed-type (from 2 hours to days). In the challenge test, 10 hours after milk intake the patient presented serous rhinorrea, sneezing and nasal blockade."

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol, 1998 Jul, 8:4

"The three most common milk proteins are casein, beta-lactoglobulin, and alpha-lactalbumin. The correlation between these three cow proteins and childhood allergies is high...a strategy of soy protein as a substitute for cow's milk is suggested."

Pediatr-Med-Chir., September/October, 1994, 16(5)

Date: Thu, 19 Apr 2001 13:45:07 -0000

This is the fourth of seventeen columns containing NOTMILK references that I put together before leaving for my European tour.

Please share these references with your milk drinking friends and relatives. Let them discover the real science!

"Most formula fed infants developed symptoms of ALLERGIC rejection to cow milk proteins before one month of age. About 50-70% experienced rashes or other skin symptoms, 50-60 percent gastrointestinal symptoms, and 20-30 percent respiratory symptoms. The recommended therapy is to avoid cow's milk."

"Epidemiological and Immunological Aspects of Cow's Milk Protein ALLERGY and Intolerance in Infancy." Pediatric-Allergy-Immunology, August, 1994, 5(5 Suppl.)

"Although studies point out strong negative correlations between wine consumption and heart disease... six countries with the highest mortality show no correlation at all. Finland ranks highest of all in milk consumption, wine consumption and mortality from heart disease."

The Lancet, I, 1017-1020, 1979

"Milk from cows inoculated with listeria was pooled for 2 to 4 days and then heated at 162 degrees Fahrenheit for 16 seconds in a high-temperature, short-time pasteurization unit. Live listeria bacteria was then successfully isolated from the milk after heat treatment in 11 of 12 pasteurization trials."

Journal of Environmental Microbiology. July 1987 (53)

"Allergy to cow's milk protein often persists beyond 4 years of age. Clinical presentation changed over time: at onset symptoms were prevalently gastrointestinal, while at the end of the study there was an increased frequency of wheezing and constipation and a higher frequency of delayed reactions...infants with persistent cow's milk protein intolerance exhibited atopic disease: asthma, rhinitis, eczema."

Clin Exp Allergy, 1998 Jul, 28:7

"Constipation symptoms returned to a controlled group of infants 48 to 72 hours after they were placed on a regimen of cow's milk proteins. Constipation in infants may have an allergic pathogenesis."

Journal of Pediatrics., January, 1995, 126(1)

Date: Fri, 20 Apr 2001 12:47:41 -0000

This is the fifth of seventeen columns containing NOTMILK references that I put together before leaving for my European tour.

Please share these references with your milk drinking friends and relatives. Let them discover the real science!

"Studies have suggested that bovine serum albumin is the milk protein responsible for the onset of diabetes... Patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus produce antibodies to cow milk proteins that participate in the development of islet dysfunction... Taken as a whole, our findings suggest that an active response in patients with IDDM (to the bovine protein) is a feature of the autoimmune response."

New England Journal of Medicine, July 30, 1992

"Milk and many components of milk (butterfat, milk protein, calcium from milk, and riboflavin)... were positively related to coronary heart disease mortality for all 40 countries studied."

Circulation 1993; 88(6):2771-2779

"Listeria organisms excreted in cow's milk escaped pasteurization, grew well at refrigerator temperatures, and were ingested by consumers."

New England Journal of Medicine, 1985, 312 (7)

"Cow's milk is one of the most frequent food allergens. Whole casein appears to be highly allergenic...85% of the patients presented a response to each of the four caseins. "

Int Arch Allergy Immunol, 1998 Mar, 115:3

"Diet has a significant effect on the developing immune system...formula fed babies, at the age of 3 months, were secreting low levels of serum antibodies to cow milk antigens contained in their formula."

Pediatr-Allergy-Immunol., August, 1994, 5(3)

Date: Sat, 21 Apr 2001 18:26:41 -0000

This is the sixth of seventeen columns containing NOTMILK references that I put together before leaving for my European tour.

Please share these references with your milk drinking friends and relatives. Let them discover the real science!

"In lieu of the recent evidence that cow's milk protein may be implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus, we believe that the Committee on Nutrition should clarify whether cow's milk is ever appropriate for children and whether or not infant formulas that are based on cow's milk protein are appropriate alternatives to breast milk."

Pediatrics, July, 1992: 89

"For ischemic heart disease milk carbohydrates were found to have the highest statistical association for males aged 35+ and females aged 65+. In the case coronary heart disease, non-fat milk was found to have the highest association for males aged 45+ and females aged 75+, while for females 65-74, milk carbohydrates and sugar had the highest associations...animal proteins contribute to homocysteine production; however, milk more than meat lacks adequate B vitamins to convert homocysteine to useful products. Lactose and calcium in conjunction with homocysteine from consumption of non-fat milk may also contribute to calcification of the arteries."

Altern Med Rev, 1998 Aug, 3:4

"Bulk tank milk from 131 dairy herds in eastern South Dakota and western Minnesota were examined for coliforms and noncoliform bacteria. Coliforms were detected in 62.3% of bulk tank milk samples... noncoliform bacteria were observed in 76.3% of bulk tank milk."

J Dairy Sci, 1999 Dec, 82:12

"Symptoms of milk-protein allergy include cough, choking, gasping, nose colds, asthma, sneezing attacks..."

Annals of Allergy, 1951; 9

"Many diseases such as tuberculosis are transmissible by milk products."

Journal of Dairy Science 1988; 71

Date: Sun, 22 Apr 2001 14:04:41 -0000
This is the seventh of seventeen columns...

"Cow's milk proteins are unique in one respect: in industrialized countries they are the first foreign proteins entering the infant gut, since most formulations for babies are cow milk-based. The first pilot stage of our IDD prevention study found that oral exposure to dairy milk proteins in infancy resulted in both cellular and immune response... this suggests the possible importance of the gut immune system to the pathogenesis of IDD."

LANCET, Dec 14, 1996

"Excessive milk consumption may adversely affect the circulation on account of the high calcium content of milk and because lactose promotes the intestinal absorption of calcium. Excessive calcium intake may cause calcification and rigidification of the large elastic arteries, which could be an important factor in causing myocardial ischaemia."

Med Hypotheses, 2000 May, 54:5

"There can be Chernobyl-like accidents. One of these occurred in the Chicago area in April, 1985. At a modern, large milk processing plant an accidental 'cross connection' between raw and pasteurized milk occurred. A violent salmonella outbreak followed, killing 4 and making an estimated 150,000 ill."

Robert Kradjian, M.D. The Milk Letter, August, 1994

"Symptoms seen most frequently in babies who are identified as allergic to cow's milk included diarrhea, repeated vomiting, eczem, recurrent attacks of nasal congestion, and recurrent bronchitis."

Frank Oski, M.D., Don't Drink Your Milk

"Poor absorption of lactose may more than double the risk of ovarian cancer in women."

American Journal of Epidemiology, 1999;150

Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2001 11:47:50 -0000
This is the eighth of seventeen columns...

"Introduction of dairy products and high milk consumption during childhood may increase the child's risk of developing juvenile diabetes."

Diabetologia 1994;37(4):381-387

"Animal food-groups were directly correlated to mortality from coronary heart disease, defined as sudden coronary death or fatal myocardial infarction and vegetable food-groups (except potatoes) as well as fish and alcohol were inversely correlated with CHD mortality. Univariate analysis showed significant positive correlation coefficients for butter (R = 0.887), meat (R = 0.645), pastries (R = 0.752), and milk (R = 0.600) consumption, and significant negative correlation coefficients for legumes (R = -0.822), oils (R = -0.571), and alcohol (R = -0.609) consumption. Combined vegetable foods (excluding alcohol) were inversely correlated (R = -0.519), whereas combined animal foods (excluding fish) were directly correlated (R = 0.798) with coronary heart disease death rates."

Eur J Epidemiol, 1999 Jul, 15:6, 507-15

"Raw material from animals which are inadvertantly contaminated with fecal matters during production will carry antibiotic resistant lactic acid bacteria into the final fermented products such as raw milk cheeses..."

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, 1999 Jul, 76

"Some textbooks of pediatrics either avoid mentioning cow's milk allergy or only lightly refer to it...On the other hand, there are those, particularly among pediatricians, and to a lesser extent among general practitioners, who over-zealously label infants 'milk sensitive' and who are inclined to recommend discontinuing the use of cow's milk whenever an infant has a gastrointestinal upset, respiratory symptom, or a skin rash."

Allergies to Milk, 1980 SL Bahna, M.D., DC Heiner, M.D.

"I have run into patients who undergo marked alterations in behavior patterns when ingesting dairy products, and whose behavior is totally changed by withholding them."

Letter, Pediatrics 1979;64(5) John J. Murray, MD

Date: Tue, 24 Apr 2001 12:25:31 -0000

This is the ninth of seventeen columns...

"Milk allergies are very common in children... They are the leading cause of the chronic ear infections that plague up to 40% of all children under the age of six."

Julian Whitaker, M.D., "Health & Healing," October, 1998, Volume 8, No. 10

"Cow's milk can cause blood loss from the intestinal tract, which over time, reduces the body's iron stores. Blood loss may be a reaction to cow's milk proteins."

Journal of Pediatrics, 1990, 116

"The administration of subtherapeutic doses of antibiotics to livestock introduces selective pressures that may lead to the emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria. The present findings clearly demonstrate that antibiotic-resistant bacteria in beef and milk pose a serious problem."

J Food Prot, 1999 Jun, 62:6

"Countries with the highest rates of osteoporosis, such as the United States, England, and Sweden, consume the most milk. China and Japan, where people eat much less protein and dairy food, have low rates of osteoporosis."

Nutrition Action Healthletter, June, 1993

"The FDA still cannot honestly assure the public that milk is safe."

Rep. Ted Weiss, chairman of the House Government Operations Subcommittee on Human Resources. Reported by AP 8/6/92

Date: Wed, 25 Apr 2001 12:36:25 -0000

This is the tenth of seventeen columns...

"If a bottlefed baby has an ear infection, eliminate milk and dairy products from the child's diet for thirty days to see if any benefits result...a cause of frequent ear infections in children is food allergies."

James Balch, MD, "Prescription for Nutritional Healing" ISBN 0-89529-727-2

"Babies who are fed whole cow's milk during the second six months of life may experience a 30% increase in intestinal blood loss and a significant loss of iron in their stools."

Pediatrics 1982;89(6)

"... curing alone may not be a sufficient pathogen control step to eliminate Salmonella, Listeria, and E. coli O157:H7 from cheese.

J Food Prot, 1998 Oct, 61:10

"There is no significant association between teenaged milk consumption and the risk of adult fractures. Data indicate that frequent milk consumption and higher dietary calcium intakes in middle aged women do not provide protection against hip or forearm fractures... women consuming greater amounts of calcium from dairy foods had significantly increased risks of hip fractures, while no increase in fracture risk was observed for the same levels of calcium from nondairy sources."

12-year Harvard study of 78,000 women American Journal of Public Health 1997;87

"As pointed out by Dr. Jerome Fisher, 'About 80 percent of cows that are giving milk are pregnant and are throwing off hormones continuously.' Progesterone breaks down into androgens, which have been implicated as a factor in the development of acne...Dr. Fisher observed that his teenage acne patients improved as soon as the milk drinking stopped."

Don't Drink Your Milk, by Frank Oski, M.D. (Director, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)

Date: Thu, 26 Apr 2001 14:29:04 -0000

This is the eleventh of seventeen columns...

"Concerning ear infections, You just don't see this painful condition among infants and children who aren't getting cow's milk into their systems."

William Northrup, M.D., Natural Health July, 94

"...infants who consume cows' milk during infancy are at increased risk of developing anaemia. Breast milk is the ideal..."

Public Health Nutr, 1998 Jun, 1:2

"An estimated 50 million Americans experience intestinal discomfort after consuming dairy products. Symptoms include bloating, stomach pain, cramps, gas, or diarrhea."

Postgraduate Medicine 1994;95(1)

"Consumption of dairy products, particularly at age 20 years, were associated with an increased risk of hip fractures...metabolism of dietary protein causes increased urinary excretion of calcium."

American Journal of Epidemiology 1994;139

"Significant atherosclerosis is rare in peoples whose diet over the life span is predominantly vegetarian and low in calories, total lipids, saturated lipids and cholesterol."

Nutrition and Athersclerosis by Louis Katz. 1958

Date: Fri, 27 Apr 2001 13:48:45 -0000

This is the twelth of seventeen colums...

Cow's milk has become a point of controversy among doctors and nutritionists. There was a time when it was considered very desirable, but research has forced us to rethink this recommendation... dairy products contribute to a surprising number of health problems (including) chronic ear problems..."

Benjamin Spock, M.D., "Child Care," 7th Edition

"Children with iron deficiency had a higher intake of cow's milk compared to those with sufficient iron. Intake of cow's milk is significantly higher in children with iron deficiency."

Acta Paediatr, 1999 Dec, 88:12

"The disaccharide lactose is naturally present as a component of foods in milk and dairy products. In most people lactase activity decreases at the age of approximately 2 years of age. After this lactose intake can cause symptoms of bloating, flatulence, abdominal pain and diarrhea due to the lactose reaching the large intestine. This phenomenon is called lactose intolerance. It is generally recommended that these people abandon the consumption of milk and dairy products."

Schweiz Med Wochenschr, 1998 Sep, 128:38 (Swiss Journal, published in German)

"A 1988 FDA survey of milk samples from grocery stores in 10 cities found that 73% of the samples contained pesticide residues."

Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 1991; 47

"The study measured testosterone levels in 696 Oxford University men. Of the study participants, 233 were vegan (ate no animal products) and 237 were vegetarian (ate milk and dairy products). The remaining 237 subjects were men who ate meat on most days of the week...vegans had higher testosterone levels than vegetarians and meat eaters."

British Journal of Cancer, 83(1), July 2000

Date: Sat, 28 Apr 2001 12:08:40 -0000

This is the thirteenth of seventeen columns...

"The most popular definition for fat is a 'greasy or oily substance.' Milk fat and the associated lipid material are present in milk...about 1500 billion or more may be found in a pint of milk. The fats of plant origin in the cow's diet contain large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids. These fats are hydrolyzed in the cow's rumen. The liberated fatty acids are then converted into saturated fatty acids."

Lincoln Lampert, "Modern Dairy Products," Third Edition

"Cow's milk-induced intestinal bleeding is a well-recognized cause of rectal bleeding in infancy. In all cases, bleeding resolved completely after instituting a cow's milk-free diet.

J Pediatr Surg, 1999 Oct, 34:10

"Overall, about 75 percent of the world's population, including 25 percent of those in the U.S., lose their lactase enzymes after weaning."

J. of the American Dietetic Assoc. 1996; 96

"Atrazine is used primarily as a weed killer in the production of feed corn. This highly toxic herbicide has been linked to many kinds of cancer, including cancer of the breast, ovaries, uterus, and testicles, as well as leukemia and lymphoma... European countries, including Germany, Italy, Austria, and the Netherlands, do not allow the herbicide to be used within their borders. According to farming averages and data supplied by the Vermont Department of Agriculture, Ben & Jerry's farmers now use thousands of pounds of carcinogenic atrazine every year."

Food and Water Journal, Summer, 1998

"Scientific data suggest positive relationships between a vegetarian diet and reduced risk for several chronic degenerative diseases and conditions, including obesity, coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and some types of cancer."

Journal of the American Dietetic Association, November 1997, 97(1)

Date: Sun, 29 Apr 2001 12:31:14 -0000

This is the fourteenth of seventeen columns...

"Milk fat has been identified as a cholesterol-elevating fat because it contains cholesterol and is primarily saturated."

Journal of Dairy Science 1991;74 (11)

"Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is one of the most common food allergies in young infants...The clinical presentation of these infants may be very traumatic to their parents, as significant rectal bleeding is the most common symptom in this disease."

W V Med J 1999 Sep-Oct;95(5)

"Lactose intolerance is widespread...Lactose maldigestion may coexist in adults with irritable bowel syndrome and in children with recurrent abdominal pain. Management consists primarily of dietary changes."

Postgrad Med, 1998 Sep, 104:3

"The level of dioxin in a single serving of the Ben & Jerry's World's Best Vanilla Ice Cream tested was almost 200 times greater than the "virtually safe [daily] dose" determined by the Environmental Protection Agency."

Steve Milloy, author of junkscience.com (Milloy tested samples of ice cream for dioxins. The only major newspaper to report the story was the Detroit Free Press). 11/8/99

"The only safe level of dioxin exposure is no exposure at all."

Ben & Jerry's promotional literature

"Vegan diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including during pregnancy and lactation."

Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;59(suppl):1176S-1181S.

Date: Mon, 30 Apr 2001 11:04:57 -0000

This is the fifteenth of seventeen columns...

"From 1965 to 1996, a considerable shift in the adolescent diet occurred...increases occurred in the consumption of higher fat potatoes and mixed dishes (pizza, macaroni cheese)...These trends, far greater than for US adults, may compromise health of the future US population."

Arch Dis Child, 2000 Jul, 83:1

"Cow's milk allergy is a disease of infancy and usually appears in the first few months of life. The evaluation of infants for possible cow's milk allergy is one of the more common problems encountered by pediatricians."

Eur Sci Med Farmacol 1990 Aug, 12(4-5)

"Lactose maldigestion may be a contributory factor in children with irritable bowel syndrome, and lactose avoidance in these patients may reduce medication use to relieve symptoms."

South Med J, 1999 Aug, 92:8

"The majority of toxic dioxin is and (or) has been derived from industrial chlorination processes, incineration of municipal waste, and production of certain herbicides. The lipophilic nature of dioxins results in higher concentrations in the fat of animal and fish products, and their excretion via milk secretion in dairy cattle may result in relatively high concentrations of dioxin contamination in high-fat dairy products."

Journal of Animal Science, 1998 Jan, 76:1

"Vegan diets can meet the nutrient and energy needs of pregnant women. Birth weights of infants born to well nourished vegetarian women have been shown to be similar to birth-weight norms and to birth weights of infants of non vegetarians."

Pediatrics. 1989;84

Date: Tue, 01 May 2001 10:46:33 -0000

This is the sixteenth of seventeen columns...

"Preference for a diet high in animal fat could be a pathogenic factor, and milk and high fat dairy products contribute considerably to dietary fat intake."

J. Am Coll Nutr, 2000 Apr, 19:2 Suppl.

"About 20% of babies suffer from colic, or abdominal cramping and gas. Milk proteins may be one of the leading causes of this digestive disorder."

Pediatrics, 1991; 87 (4):4

"Lactose malabsorption and lactase deficiency are chronic organic pathologic conditions characterized by abdominal pain and distention, flatulence, and the passage of loose, watery stools. Once correct diagnosis is established, introduction of a lactose-free dietary regime relieves symptoms in most patients...who remain largely unaware of the relationship between food intake and symptoms."

J Clin Gastroenterol, 1999 Apr, 28:3

"In the case of the eight year old female subject, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis was a milk allergy. After avoiding dairy products, all pain was gone in three weeks."

Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1985, 78

"Breast cancer rates are lower in populations that consume plant based diets."

American Cancer Society Cancer Facts and Figures, 1994

Date: Wed, 02 May 2001 20:56:21 -0000

This is the last of seventeen columns...

"Dietary fat during childhood may be more life-threatening than was originally suspected... Overweight children are usually the victims of the dietary habits of the adult members of the family...Reducing dietary fat to levels necessary to the control of cholesterol cannot be achieved if a child drinks whole milk or eats cheese."

Charles Attwood, M.D., "Dr. Attwood's Low-Fat Prescription for Kids"

"Chronic diarrhea is the most common gastrointestinal symptom of intolerance of cow's milk among children...cow's milk can also cause severe perianal lesions with pain on defecation and consequent constipation in young children. In young children, chronic constipation can be a manifestation of intolerance of cow's milk."

N Engl J Med, 1998 Oct, 339:16, 1100-4

"Females with lactose malabsorption not only showed signs of irritable bowel syndrome but also signs of premenstrual syndrome and mental depression... Lactose malabsorption should be considered in patients with signs of mental depression."

Dig Dis Sci, 1998 Nov, 43:11

"Certain foods trigger the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and eliminating these foods sometimes causes even long-standing symptoms to improve or even remit entirely. It is important to avoid the problem foods completely, as even a small amount can cause symptoms. All dairy products should be avoided: skim or whole cow's milk, goat's milk, cheese, yogurt, cream, etc."

Neal Barnard, M.D. www.pcrm.org

"Vegetarians often have lower mortality rates from several chronic degenerative diseases than do non vegetarians."

British Medical Journal, 1996; 313

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This page on my website is tentatively finished and THUS double-checked. -GW

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